Urology is the section of healthcare that deals with diseases affecting the urinary tract in both men and women. The urinary tract is made up of the kidneys, ureter, bladder, prostate and urethra. It also involves the men’s reproductive organs; including the penis, testes, scrotum. As we get older, it unfortunately becomes very common to encounter some form of urological problems.

A urologist will be able to see patients if they have problems with their urinary tract. A urologist is then able to subspecialise in a certain area of urology, such as stone disease, infertility or prostate cancer. This gives patients a more specialist approach from a consultant who is actively treating patients with a particular disease.

A urologist will be able to see a patient who has any problems with the below:

Adrenals – These are the small glands on top of the kidneys that produce hormones, such as cortisol and sex hormones.

Bladder – This is a balloon-shaped organ that sits in your pelvis. Its function is to collect and store urine until it can be excreted via urination.

Kidneys – The job of the kidneys is to cleanse the blood of toxins and turn waste into urine. They are able to filter 200 litres of blood every 24 hours.

Prostate – The prostate is a gland the size of a walnut. It produces the fluid that mixes with sperm to make semen.

Testes – These are two oval-shaped glands that make sperm and testosterone.

Scrotum – The scrotum protects the testes.

Ureters – The tubes that takes urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

Urethra – The tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body. The vas deferens drains into the urethra in males for the ejaculation of sperm.


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