Diagnostics & areas of expertise

Diagnosis of a condition is greatly helped by some tests. You may need one or more tests depending on the suspected condition, which may include the following:

  • Urine tests

  • Blood tests

  • Cystoscopy and Ureteroscopy (look inside the urinary tract)

  • Cytology

  • Digital rectal exam (DRE)

  • Imaging - MRI, CT scan, intravenous pyelogram, voiding cystourethrogram, ultrasound, radionuclide scans

  • Post Void Residuals

  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test

  • Stone evaluation

  • Urinalysis

  • Urine flow study

  • Urine tests

  • Urodynamics test

  • Biopsy

  • Investigations of haematuria

  • Urinary Tract Infection investigations


  • ESWL

  • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

  • Ureterorenscopy - diagnostic and therapeutic

  • Ureteroscopy

  • Rigid and flexible cystoscopy

  • Optical urethrotomy

  • Endoscopic treatment of bladder stones

  • Laser fragmentation of ureteric and renal stones

  • Ureteric stent insertion, removal and exchange

  • Insertion of Memokath ureteric stents

  • Management of nephrostomy tubes

  • Laser ablation of urothelial carcinomas of upper tracts

  • Endscopic assessment of haematuria

  • Narrow band imaging of upper tracts

  • Endoscopic management of complex lower and upper urinary tract problems

  • Kidney Stones treatments

  • Interstitial Cystitis treatment

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